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Standards of Practice

Our Inspection Reports adhere to the Standards of Practice of the

Canadian Association of Home and Property  Inspectors (CAHPI)

and the American Society of Home.Inspectors (ASHI).                                                                                                               

In the course of a standard pre-purchase or pre-listing inspection, we inspect and report on the following systems:

Roofing, Exterior, Structure, Electrical, Heating (including wood burning appliances and fireplaces), Air Conditioning, Insulation, Ventilation, Plumbing, and Interior.

Garages and Carports are included in the standard inspection.

Swimming pools are not included in the standards, but a visual inspection of accessible components is available upon request.

For rural properties, a visual inspection of wells, pump installations, pumphouses, and other outbuildings can be included upon request.

CAHPI(BC) Standards of Practice
Copyright 2000 American Society of Home Inspectors, Inc.
1.1 The Canadian Association of Home and Property Inspectors British Columbia (CAHPI(BC)) is a not-for-profit professional
society established in 1991. Membership in CAHPI(BC) is voluntary and its members include private, fee-paid home inspectors.
CAHPI(BC)'s objectives include promotion of excellence within the profession and continual improvement of its members'
inspection services to the public.

2.1 The purpose of these Standards of Practice is to
establish a minimum and uniform standard for private, feepaid
home inspectors who are members of the Canadian
Association of Home and Property Inspectors British
Columbia. Home Inspections performed to these Standards
of Practice are intended to provide the client with information
regarding the condition of the systems and components of
the home as inspected at the time of the Home Inspection.
2.2 Inspectors shall:
A.inspect :
1.readily accessible systems and components of homes
listed in these Standards of Practice.
2.installed systems and components of homes listed in these
Standards of Practice. :
1.on those systems and components inspected which, in the
professional opinion of the inspector, are significantly
deficient or are near the end of their service lives.
2.a reason why, if not self-evident, the system or component
is significantly deficient or near the end of its service life.
3.the inspector's recommendations to correct or monitor the
reported deficiency.
4.on any systems and components designated for inspection
in these Standards of Practice which were present at the
time of the Home Inspection but were not inspected and a
reason they were not inspected.
2.3 These Standards are not intended to limit inspectors
A.including other inspection services, systems or
components in addition to those required by these Standards
of Practice.
B.specifying repairs, provided the inspector is appropriately
qualified and willing to do so.
C.excluding systems and components from the inspection if
requested by the client.

3.1 The inspector shall:
1.the structural components including foundation and
framing. probing a representative number of structural
components where deterioration is suspected or where clear
indications of possible deterioration exist. Probing is NOT
required when probing would damage any finished surface
or where no deterioration
is visible.
1.the foundation and report the methods used to inspect the
under-floor crawl space.
2.the floor structure.
3.the wall structure.
4.the ceiling structure.
5.the roof structure and report the methods used to inspect
the attic.
3.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A.provide any engineering service or architectural service.
B.offer an opinion as to the adequacy of any structural
system or component.
4.1 The inspector shall:
1.the exterior wall covering, flashing and trim.
2.all exterior doors.
3.attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and
their associated railings.
4.the eaves, soffits, and fascias where accessible from the
ground level.
5.the vegetation, grading, surface drainage, and retaining
walls on the property when any of these are likely to
adversely affect the building.
6.walkways, patios, and driveways leading to dwelling
B.describe the exterior wall covering.
4.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.screening, shutters, awnings, and similar seasonal
3.geological, geotechnical or hydrological conditions.
4.recreational facilities.
6.seawalls, break-walls, and docks.
7.erosion control and earth stabilization measures.

5.1 The inspector shall:
1.the roof covering.
2.the roof drainage systems.
3.the flashings.
4.the skylights, chimneys, and roof penetrations.
B.describe the roof covering and report the methods used to
inspect the roof.
5.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A.inspect :
2.interiors of flues or chimneys which are not readily
3.other installed accessories.
                                                                                                           6.PLUMBING SYSTEM
6.1 The inspector shall:
1.the interior water supply and distribution systems including
all fixtures and faucets.
2.the drain, waste and vent systems including all fixtures.
3.the water heating equipment.
4.the vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
5.the fuel storage and fuel distribution systems.
6.the drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping.
B.describe :
1.the water supply, drain, waste, and vent piping materials.
2.the water heating equipment including the energy source.
3.the location of main water and main fuel shut-off valves.
6.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A.inspect :
1.the clothes washing machine connections.
2.the interiors of flues or chimneys which are not readily
3.wells, well pumps, or water storage related equipment.
a.water conditioning systems. water heating systems. and lawn sprinkler systems.
d.private waste disposal systems.
1.whether water supply and waste disposal systems are
public or private.
2.the quantity or quality of the water supply.
3.operate safety valves or shut-off valves.
                                                                                                         7.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
7.1 The inspector shall:
A.inspect :
1.the service drop.
2.the service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways.
3.the service equipment and main disconnects.
4.the service grounding.
5.the interior components of service panels and sub panels.
6.the conductors.
7.the overcurrent protection devices.
8.a representative number of installed lighting fixtures,
switches, and receptacles.
9.the ground fault circuit interrupters.
1.the amperage and voltage rating of the service.
2.the location of main disconnect(s) and sub panels                             3.the wiring methods.
1.on the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit
2.on the absence of smoke detectors.
7.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.the remote control devices unless the device is the only
control device.
2.the alarm systems and components.
3.the low voltage wiring, systems and components.
4.the ancillary wiring, systems and components not a part of
the primary electrical power distribution system.
B.measure amperage, voltage, or impedance
                                                                                                             8.HEATING SYSTEM
8.1 The inspector shall:
1.the installed heating equipment.
2.the vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
1.the energy source.
2.the heating method by its distinguishing characteristics.
8.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.the interiors of flues or chimneys which are not readily
2.the heat exchanger.
3.the humidifier or dehumidifier.
4.the electronic air filter.
5.the solar space heating system.
B.determine heat supply adequacy or distribution balance.
                                                                                                             9.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS
9.1 The inspector shall:
A.inspect the installed central and through-wall cooling
1.the energy source
2.the cooling method by its distinguishing characteristics.
9.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A.inspect electronic air filters.
B.determine cooling supply adequacy or distribution balance.

10.1 The inspector shall:
1.the walls, ceilings, and floors.
2.the steps, stairways, and railings.
3.the countertops and a representative number of installed
4.a representative number of doors and windows.
5.garage doors and garage door operators.
10.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.the paint, wallpaper, and other finish treatments.
2.the carpeting.
3.the window treatments.
4.the central vacuum systems.
5.the household appliances.
6.recreational facilities.
11.1 The inspector shall:
1.the insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces.
2.the ventilation of attics and foundation areas.
3.the mechanical ventilation systems.
1.the insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces.
2.the absence of insulation in unfinished spaces at
conditioned surfaces.
11.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A.disturb insulation or vapor retarders.
B.determine indoor air quality.
                                                                                                            12.FIREPLACES AND SOLID FUEL BURNING

12.1 The inspector shall:
1.the system components.
2.the vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
1.the fireplaces and solid fuel burning appliances.
2.the chimneys.
12.2 The Inspector is NOT required to:
1.the interiors of flues or chimneys.
2.the firescreens and doors.
3.the seals and gaskets.
4.the automatic fuel feed devices.
5.the mantles and fireplace surrounds.
6.the combustion make-up air devices.
7.the heat distribution assists whether gravity controlled or
fan assisted.
B.ignite or extinguish fires.
C.determine draft characteristics.
D.move fireplace inserts or stoves or firebox contents.
                                                                                                                 13. GENERAL LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS
13.1 General limitations:
A.Inspections performed in accordance with these Standards
of Practice:
1.are not technically exhaustive.
2.will not identify concealed conditions or latent defects.

B.these Standards are applicable to buildings with four or
fewer dwelling units and their garages or carports.
13.2 General exclusions:
A.The inspector is not required to perform any action or
make any determination unless specifically stated in these
Standards of  Practice, except as may be required by lawful
B.Inspectors are NOT required to determine:
1.the condition of systems or components which are not
readily accessible.
2.the remaining life of any system or component.
3.the strength, adequacy, effectiveness, or efficiency of any
system or component.
4.the causes of any condition or deficiency.
5.the methods, materials, or costs of corrections.
6.future conditions including, but not limited to, failure of
systems and components.
7.the suitability of the property for any specialized use.
8.compliance with regulatory requirements (codes,
regulations, laws, ordinances, etc.).
9.the market value of the property or its marketability.
10.the advisability of the purchase of the property.
11.the presence of potentially hazardous plants or animals
including, but not limited to wood destroying organisms or
diseases harmful to humans.
12.the presence of any environmental hazards including, but
not limited to toxins, carcinogens, noise, and contaminants in
soil, water, and air.
13.the effectiveness of any system installed or methods
utilized to control or remove suspected hazardous
14.the operating costs of systems or components.
15.the acoustical properties of any system or component.
C.Inspectors are NOT required to offer:
1.or perform any act or service contrary to law.
2.or perform engineering services.
3.or perform work in any trade or any professional service
other than home inspection.
4.warranties or guarantees of any kind.
D.Inspectors are NOT required to operate:
1.any system or component which is shut down or otherwise
2.any system or component which does not respond to
normal operating controls.
3.shut-off valves.
E.Inspectors are NOT required to enter:
1.any area which will, in the opinion of the inspector, likely
be dangerous to the inspector or other persons or damage
the property or its systems or components.
2.the under-floor crawl spaces or attics which are not readily
F.Inspectors are NOT required to inspect:
1.underground items including, but not limited to
underground storage tanks or other underground indications
of their presence, whether abandoned or active. or components which are not installed.
3.decorative items. or components located in areas that are not
entered in accordance with these Standards of Practice.
5.detached structures other than garages and carports.
6.common elements or common areas in multi-unit housing,
such as condominium properties or cooperative housing.
G.Inspectors are NOT required to:
1.perform any procedure or operation which will, in the
opinion of the inspector, likely be dangerous to the inspector
or other persons or damage the property or it's systems or
1.move suspended ceiling tiles, personal property, furniture,
equipment, plants, soil, snow, ice, or debris. 2.dismantle any
system or component, except as explicitly required by these
Standards of Practice.

See Glossary of Terms in the Right Column >>




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The Inspection Report is your property. You may choose to keep the contents private or you may wish to show it to other interested parties. We respect your right to protect your private information and will not share the report information with any other party without prior consent.

Code of Ethics of the Canadian Association of Home and Property Inspectors
British Columbia

Effective January 1, 2001
Honesty, justice, and courtesy form a moral philosophy which, associated with mutual interest among people, constitutes the foundation of ethics.

The members should recognize such a standard, not in passive observance, but as a set of dynamic principles guiding their conduct. It is their duty to practice the profession according to this code of ethics.

As the keystone of professional conduct is integrity, the Members will discharge their duties with fidelity to the public, their clients, and with fairness and impartiality to all. They should uphold the honour and dignity of their profession and avoid association with any enterprise of questionable character, or apparent conflict of interest.

1. The member will express an opinion only when it is based on practical experience and honest conviction.

2. The member will always act in good faith toward each client.

3. The member will not disclose any information concerning the results of the inspection without the approval of the clients or their representatives.

4. The member will not accept compensation, financial or otherwise, from more than one interested party for the same    service without the consent of all interested parties.

5. The member will not accept nor offer commissions or allowances, directly or indirectly, from other parties dealing with their client in connection with work for which the member is responsible.

6. The member will promptly disclose to his or her client any interest in a business which may affect the client. The member will not allow an interest in any business to affect the quality of the results of their inspection work which they may be called upon to perform. The inspection work may not be used as a vehicle by the inspector to deliberately obtain work in another field.

7. An inspector shall make every effort to uphold, maintain, and improve the professional integrity, reputation, and practice of the home inspection profession. He or she will report all such relevant information, including violations of this Code by other
members, to the Association for possible remedial action.

Glossary For Standards of Practice                                                                                              ALARM SYSTEMS
Warning devices, installed or free-standing, including but not limited to: carbon monoxide
detectors, flue gas and other spillage detectors, security equipment, ejector pumps and smoke
Any practice involving the art and science of building design for construction of any structure or
grouping of structures and the use of space within and surrounding the structures or the design for
construction, including but not specifically limited to, schematic design, design development,
preparation of construction contract documents, and administration of the construction contract.
Devices designed and installed to protect systems and components from unsafe conditions.
A part of a system.
Ornamental; not required for the operation of the essential systems and components of a home.
To report a system or component by its type or other observed, significant characteristics to
distinguish it from other systems or components.
To take apart or remove any component, device or piece of equipment that would not be taken
apart or removed by a homeowner in the course of normal and routine home owner maintenance.
Any professional service or creative work requiring engineering education, training, and experience
and the application of special knowledge of the mathematical, physical and engineering sciences
to such professional service or creative work as consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning,
design and supervision of construction for the purpose of assuring compliance with the
specifications and design, in conjunction with structures, buildings, machines, equipment, works or
Examination and analysis by a qualified professional, tradesman or service technician beyond that
provided by the home inspection.
The process by which an inspector visually examines the readily accessible systems and
components of a home and which describes those systems and components in accordance with
these Standards of Practice.
Kitchen, laundry, and similar appliances, whether installed or free-standing.

To examine readily accessible systems and components of a building in accordance with these
Standards of Practice, using normal operating controls and opening readily openable access
A person hired to examine any system or component of a building in accordance with these
Standards of Practice.
Attached such that removal requires tools.
Devices such as thermostats, switches or valves intended to be operated by the homeowner.
Available for visual inspection without requiring moving of personal property, dismantling,
destructive measures, or any action which will likely involve risk to persons or property.
A panel provided for homeowner inspection and maintenance that is within normal reach, can be
removed by one person, and is not sealed in place.
Spas, saunas, steam baths, swimming pools, exercise, entertainment, athletic, playground or
other similar equipment and associated accessories.
To communicate in writing.
One component per room for multiple similar interior components such as windows and electric
outlets; one component on each side of the building for multiple similar exterior components.
Components used to carry water off a roof and away from a building.
Unsafe or not functioning.
A state in which a system or component cannot be operated by normal operating controls.
A hearth and fire chamber or similar prepared place in which a fire may be built and which is built in
conjunction with a chimney; or a listed assembly of a fire chamber, its chimney and related
factory-made parts designed for unit assembly without requiring field construction.
A component which supports non-variable forces or weights (dead loads) and variable forces or
weights (live loads).
A combination of interacting or interdependent components, assembled to carry out one or more
An investigation that involves dismantling, the extensive use of advanced techniques,
measurements, instruments, testing, calculations, or other means.
The area within the confines of the foundation and between the ground and the underside of the
A condition in a readily accessible, installed system or component which is judged to be a
significant risk of personal injury during normal, day-to-day use. The risk may be due to damage,
deterioration, improper installation or a change in accepted residential construction standards.
Identification of electrical conductors or wires by their general type, such as "non-metallic sheathed
cable" ("Romex"), "armored cable" ("bx") or "knob and tube", etc.






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