Standards of Practice
Our Inspection Reports adhere to the Standards of Practice of the
Canadian Association of
Home and Property Inspectors (CAHPI)
and the American Society of Home.Inspectors (ASHI).
In the course of a standard pre-purchase or pre-listing inspection, we
inspect and report on the following systems:
Structure, Electrical, Heating (including wood burning appliances and
fireplaces), Air Conditioning, Insulation, Ventilation, Plumbing, and
Garages and Carports are included in the standard inspection.
Swimming pools are not included in the standards, but a visual
inspection of accessible components is available upon request.
For rural properties, a visual inspection of wells, pump installations,
pumphouses, and other outbuildings can be included upon request.
CAHPI(BC) Standards of Practice
© Copyright 2000 American Society of Home Inspectors, Inc.
1.1 The Canadian Association of Home and Property Inspectors British Columbia (CAHPI(BC))
is a not-for-profit professional
society established in 1991. Membership in CAHPI(BC) is voluntary and its
members include private, fee-paid home inspectors.
CAHPI(BC)'s objectives include promotion of excellence within the profession and
continual improvement of its members'
inspection services to the public.
2. PURPOSE AND SCOPE
2.1 The purpose of these Standards of Practice is to
establish a minimum and uniform standard for private, feepaid
home inspectors who are members of the Canadian
Association of Home and Property Inspectors British
Columbia. Home Inspections performed to these Standards
of Practice are intended to provide the client with information
regarding the condition of the systems and components of
the home as inspected at the time of the Home Inspection.
2.2 Inspectors shall:
1.readily accessible systems and components of homes
listed in these Standards of Practice.
2.installed systems and components of homes listed in these
Standards of Practice.
1.on those systems and components inspected which, in the
professional opinion of the inspector, are significantly
deficient or are near the end of their service lives.
2.a reason why, if not self-evident, the system or component
is significantly deficient or near the end of its service life.
3.the inspector's recommendations to correct or monitor the
4.on any systems and components designated for inspection
in these Standards of Practice which were present at the
time of the Home Inspection but were not inspected and a
reason they were not inspected.
2.3 These Standards are not intended to limit inspectors
A.including other inspection services, systems or
components in addition to those required by these Standards
B.specifying repairs, provided the inspector is appropriately
qualified and willing to do so.
C.excluding systems and components from the inspection if
requested by the client.
3. STRUCTURAL SYSTEM
3.1 The inspector shall:
1.the structural components including foundation and
2.by probing a representative number of structural
components where deterioration is suspected or where clear
indications of possible deterioration exist. Probing is NOT
required when probing would damage any finished surface
or where no deterioration
1.the foundation and report the methods used to inspect the
under-floor crawl space.
2.the floor structure.
3.the wall structure.
4.the ceiling structure.
5.the roof structure and report the methods used to inspect
3.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A.provide any engineering service or architectural service.
B.offer an opinion as to the adequacy of any structural
system or component.
4.1 The inspector shall:
1.the exterior wall covering, flashing and trim.
2.all exterior doors.
3.attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and
their associated railings.
4.the eaves, soffits, and fascias where accessible from the
5.the vegetation, grading, surface drainage, and retaining
walls on the property when any of these are likely to
adversely affect the building.
6.walkways, patios, and driveways leading to dwelling
B.describe the exterior wall covering.
4.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.screening, shutters, awnings, and similar seasonal
3.geological, geotechnical or hydrological conditions.
6.seawalls, break-walls, and docks.
7.erosion control and earth stabilization measures.
5. ROOF SYSTEM
5.1 The inspector shall:
1.the roof covering.
2.the roof drainage systems.
4.the skylights, chimneys, and roof penetrations.
B.describe the roof covering and report the methods used to
inspect the roof.
5.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
2.interiors of flues or chimneys which are not readily
3.other installed accessories.
6.1 The inspector shall:
1.the interior water supply and distribution systems including
all fixtures and faucets.
2.the drain, waste and vent systems including all fixtures.
3.the water heating equipment.
4.the vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
5.the fuel storage and fuel distribution systems.
6.the drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping.
1.the water supply, drain, waste, and vent piping materials.
2.the water heating equipment including the energy source.
3.the location of main water and main fuel shut-off valves.
6.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.the clothes washing machine connections.
2.the interiors of flues or chimneys which are not readily
3.wells, well pumps, or water storage related equipment.
a.water conditioning systems.
b.solar water heating systems.
c.fire and lawn sprinkler systems.
d.private waste disposal systems.
1.whether water supply and waste disposal systems are
public or private.
2.the quantity or quality of the water supply.
3.operate safety valves or shut-off valves.
7.1 The inspector shall:
1.the service drop.
2.the service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways.
3.the service equipment and main disconnects.
4.the service grounding.
5.the interior components of service panels and sub panels.
7.the overcurrent protection devices.
8.a representative number of installed lighting fixtures,
switches, and receptacles.
9.the ground fault circuit interrupters.
1.the amperage and voltage rating of the service.
2.the location of main disconnect(s) and sub panels
3.the wiring methods.
1.on the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit
2.on the absence of smoke detectors.
7.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.the remote control devices unless the device is the only
2.the alarm systems and components.
3.the low voltage wiring, systems and components.
4.the ancillary wiring, systems and components not a part of
the primary electrical power distribution system.
B.measure amperage, voltage, or impedance
8.1 The inspector shall:
1.the installed heating equipment.
2.the vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
1.the energy source.
2.the heating method by its distinguishing characteristics.
8.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.the interiors of flues or chimneys which are not readily
2.the heat exchanger.
3.the humidifier or dehumidifier.
4.the electronic air filter.
5.the solar space heating system.
B.determine heat supply adequacy or distribution balance.
9.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS
9.1 The inspector shall:
A.inspect the installed central and through-wall cooling
1.the energy source
2.the cooling method by its distinguishing characteristics.
9.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A.inspect electronic air filters.
B.determine cooling supply adequacy or distribution balance.
10.1 The inspector shall:
1.the walls, ceilings, and floors.
2.the steps, stairways, and railings.
3.the countertops and a representative number of installed
4.a representative number of doors and windows.
5.garage doors and garage door operators.
10.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
1.the paint, wallpaper, and other finish treatments.
3.the window treatments.
4.the central vacuum systems.
5.the household appliances.
11. INSULATION & VENTILATION
11.1 The inspector shall:
1.the insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces.
2.the ventilation of attics and foundation areas.
3.the mechanical ventilation systems.
1.the insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces.
2.the absence of insulation in unfinished spaces at
11.2 The inspector is NOT required to:
A.disturb insulation or vapor retarders.
B.determine indoor air quality.
12.FIREPLACES AND SOLID FUEL BURNING
12.1 The inspector shall:
1.the system components.
2.the vent systems, flues, and chimneys.
1.the fireplaces and solid fuel burning appliances.
12.2 The Inspector is NOT required to:
1.the interiors of flues or chimneys.
2.the firescreens and doors.
3.the seals and gaskets.
4.the automatic fuel feed devices.
5.the mantles and fireplace surrounds.
6.the combustion make-up air devices.
7.the heat distribution assists whether gravity controlled or
B.ignite or extinguish fires.
C.determine draft characteristics.
D.move fireplace inserts or stoves or firebox contents.
13. GENERAL LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS
13.1 General limitations:
A.Inspections performed in accordance with these Standards
1.are not technically exhaustive.
2.will not identify concealed conditions or latent defects.
B.these Standards are applicable to buildings with four or
fewer dwelling units and their garages or carports.
13.2 General exclusions:
A.The inspector is not required to perform any action or
make any determination unless specifically stated in these
Standards of Practice, except as may be required by lawful
B.Inspectors are NOT required to determine:
1.the condition of systems or components which are not
2.the remaining life of any system or component.
3.the strength, adequacy, effectiveness, or efficiency of any
system or component.
4.the causes of any condition or deficiency.
5.the methods, materials, or costs of corrections.
6.future conditions including, but not limited to, failure of
systems and components.
7.the suitability of the property for any specialized use.
8.compliance with regulatory requirements (codes,
regulations, laws, ordinances, etc.).
9.the market value of the property or its marketability.
10.the advisability of the purchase of the property.
11.the presence of potentially hazardous plants or animals
including, but not limited to wood destroying organisms or
diseases harmful to humans.
12.the presence of any environmental hazards including, but
not limited to toxins, carcinogens, noise, and contaminants in
soil, water, and air.
13.the effectiveness of any system installed or methods
utilized to control or remove suspected hazardous
14.the operating costs of systems or components.
15.the acoustical properties of any system or component.
C.Inspectors are NOT required to offer:
1.or perform any act or service contrary to law.
2.or perform engineering services.
3.or perform work in any trade or any professional service
other than home inspection.
4.warranties or guarantees of any kind.
D.Inspectors are NOT required to operate:
1.any system or component which is shut down or otherwise
2.any system or component which does not respond to
normal operating controls.
E.Inspectors are NOT required to enter:
1.any area which will, in the opinion of the inspector, likely
be dangerous to the inspector or other persons or damage
the property or its systems or components.
2.the under-floor crawl spaces or attics which are not readily
F.Inspectors are NOT required to inspect:
1.underground items including, but not limited to
underground storage tanks or other underground indications
of their presence, whether abandoned or active.
2.systems or components which are not installed.
4.systems or components located in areas that are not
entered in accordance with these Standards of Practice.
5.detached structures other than garages and carports.
6.common elements or common areas in multi-unit housing,
such as condominium properties or cooperative housing.
G.Inspectors are NOT required to:
1.perform any procedure or operation which will, in the
opinion of the inspector, likely be dangerous to the inspector
or other persons or damage the property or it's systems or
1.move suspended ceiling tiles, personal property, furniture,
equipment, plants, soil, snow, ice, or debris. 2.dismantle any
system or component, except as explicitly required by these
Standards of Practice.
See Glossary of Terms in the Right Column >>
Call to schedule
The Inspection Report is your property. You may choose to keep the
contents private or you may wish to show it to other interested parties. We respect your right to protect your private information and
will not share the report information with any other party without prior
Code of Ethics of
the Canadian Association
of Home and Property
British Columbia ®
Effective January 1,
Honesty, justice, and
courtesy form a moral
associated with mutual
interest among people,
foundation of ethics.
The members should
recognize such a
standard, not in passive
observance, but as a set
principles guiding their
conduct. It is their
duty to practice the
profession according to
this code of ethics.
As the keystone of
professional conduct is
integrity, the Members
will discharge their
duties with fidelity to
the public, their
and with fairness and
impartiality to all.
uphold the honour and
dignity of their
and avoid association
any enterprise of
or apparent conflict of
1. The member will
express an opinion only
when it is based on
practical experience and
The member will
always act in good faith
toward each client.
3. The member will not
disclose any information
concerning the results
of the inspection
without the approval of
the clients or their
4. The member will not
financial or otherwise,
from more than one
interested party for the
without the consent of
all interested parties.
5. The member will not
accept nor offer
allowances, directly or
indirectly, from other
parties dealing with
client in connection
with work for which the
member is responsible.
6. The member will
promptly disclose to his
or her client any
interest in a business
which may affect the
client. The member will
not allow an interest in
any business to affect
the quality of the
results of their
inspection work which
they may be called upon
to perform. The
inspection work may not
be used as a vehicle by
the inspector to
deliberately obtain work
in another field.
inspector shall make
every effort to uphold,
maintain, and improve
and practice of the
He or she will report
all such relevant
violations of this Code
members, to the
Association for possible
Glossary For Standards of Practice
Warning devices, installed or free-standing, including but not limited to:
detectors, flue gas and other spillage detectors, security equipment, ejector
pumps and smoke
Any practice involving the art and science of building design for construction
of any structure or
grouping of structures and the use of space within and surrounding the
structures or the design for
construction, including but not specifically limited to, schematic design,
preparation of construction contract documents, and administration of the
AUTOMATIC SAFETY CONTROLS:
Devices designed and installed to protect systems and components from unsafe
A part of a system.
Ornamental; not required for the operation of the essential systems and
components of a home.
To report a system or component by its type or other observed, significant
distinguish it from other systems or components.
To take apart or remove any component, device or piece of equipment that would
not be taken
apart or removed by a homeowner in the course of normal and routine home owner
Any professional service or creative work requiring engineering education,
training, and experience
and the application of special knowledge of the mathematical, physical and
to such professional service or creative work as consultation, investigation,
design and supervision of construction for the purpose of assuring compliance
specifications and design, in conjunction with structures, buildings, machines,
equipment, works or
Examination and analysis by a qualified professional, tradesman or service
technician beyond that
provided by the home inspection.
The process by which an inspector visually examines the readily accessible
components of a home and which describes those systems and components in
these Standards of Practice.
Kitchen, laundry, and similar appliances, whether installed or free-standing.
To examine readily accessible systems and components of a building in accordance
Standards of Practice, using normal operating controls and opening readily
A person hired to examine any system or component of a building in accordance
Standards of Practice.
Attached such that removal requires tools.
NORMAL OPERATING CONTROLS:
Devices such as thermostats, switches or valves intended to be operated by the
Available for visual inspection without requiring moving of personal property,
destructive measures, or any action which will likely involve risk to persons or
READILY OPENABLE ACCESS PANEL:
A panel provided for homeowner inspection and maintenance that is within normal
reach, can be
removed by one person, and is not sealed in place.
Spas, saunas, steam baths, swimming pools, exercise, entertainment, athletic,
other similar equipment and associated accessories.
To communicate in writing.
One component per room for multiple similar interior components such as windows
outlets; one component on each side of the building for multiple similar
ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEMS:
Components used to carry water off a roof and away from a building.
Unsafe or not functioning.
A state in which a system or component cannot be operated by normal operating
SOLID FUEL BURNING APPLIANCES:
A hearth and fire chamber or similar prepared place in which a fire may be built
and which is built in
conjunction with a chimney; or a listed assembly of a fire chamber, its chimney
factory-made parts designed for unit assembly without requiring field
A component which supports non-variable forces or weights (dead loads) and
variable forces or
weights (live loads).
A combination of interacting or interdependent components, assembled to carry
out one or more
An investigation that involves dismantling, the extensive use of advanced
measurements, instruments, testing, calculations, or other means.
UNDERFLOOR CRAWL SPACE:
The area within the confines of the foundation and between the ground and the
underside of the
A condition in a readily accessible, installed system or component which is
judged to be a
significant risk of personal injury during normal, day-to-day use. The risk may
be due to damage,
deterioration, improper installation or a change in accepted residential
Identification of electrical conductors or wires by their general type, such as
cable" ("Romex"), "armored cable" ("bx") or "knob and tube", etc.